Vorticella convallaria has a contractile stalk that arises from the aboral pole of the cell. The myonemes from the body converge at this pole and pass into the stalk to form a large contractile bundle called the spasmoneme. When contracted the stalk coils into a helix. The spasmoneme is partially encased in an extension of the pellicle and a thin layer of cytosol that is enclosed with plasma membrane. An additional secreted sheath surrounds the stalk. TEM taken on 4/6/72 by R. Allen with Hitachi HU11A operating at 75kV. Neg. 7,500X. The raw negative was scanned with an Epson Perfection V750 Pro and this high resolution image is best used for quantitative analysis. Additional information available at (http://www5.pbrc.hawaii.edu/allen/).
Standard glutaraldehyde fixation followed by osmium tetroxide, dehydrated in alcohol and embedded in an epoxy resin. Microtome sections prepared at approximately 75nm thickness. Additional information available at (http://www5.pbrc.hawaii.edu/allen/).
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