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*CIL – Cell Image Library accession number. Please use this to reference an image.

CIL:39165*  Cite 

One segment of the assembly line used for phagosome membrane growth in P. caudatum. Cytopharyngeal ribbons bring discoidal vesicles to the left lip of the cytopharynx where the vesicles bind and then fuse with the cytopharyngeal membrane. This expands the membrane to form the phagosome. The role of the contractile cytostomal cord in this process has yet to be determined. Also brought to this area are acidosomes and carrier vesicles. Carrier vesicles contain cargo coming into the cell via parasomal sacs that is sorted from the membrane components that are to be recycled back to the plasma membrane. Sorting occurs in the early endosomes. Coated pits on the early endosomes pinch off to form the carrier vesicles. The carrier vesicles come to lie against the acidosomes where they fuse. Eventually acidosomes will fuse with the phagosome to form the phagoacidosome where the acid pH will kill the bacteria and other food organisms. TEM taken on 5/21/73 by R. Allen with Hitachi HU11A operating at 75kV. Neg. 15,250X.

Technical Details

Standard glutaraldehyde fixation followed by osmium tetroxide, dehydrated in alcohol and embedded in an epoxy resin. Microtome sections prepared at approximately 75nm thickness. The raw negative was scanned with an Epson Perfection V750 Pro and this high resolution image is best used for quantitative analysis. Additional information available at (

Biological Sources
NCBI Organism Classification
Paramecium caudatum
Cell Type
cell by organism
eukaryotic cell
Eukaryotic Protist
Ciliated Protist
Cellular Component
pre-autophagosomal structure
Biological Context
Biological Process
Richard Allen (University of Hawaii)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Archival Resource Key (ARK)
Grouping This image is part of a group.
Image Type
transmission electron microscopy (TEM)
illumination by electrons
Image Mode
detection of electrons
Parameters Imaged
electron density
Source of Contrast
stain with broad specificity
Visualization Methods
stain with broad specificity
uranyl salt
lead salt
osmium tetroxide
Processing History
recorded image
unprocessed raw data
Data Qualifiers
raw, unprocessed data
suitable for spatial measurements
Spatial Axis Image Size Pixel Size
X 4645px 0.98nm
Y 5107px 0.98nm